Tendonitis – an inflammation or slight tearing of tendons, usually caused by stress or overuse of the tendons. Pain, swelling, inflammation and irritation are the most common symptoms. Achilles tendonitis is most common.

Achilles Rupture – complete tear, rupture or “pop” of the Achilles tendon, usually occurring from overuse or a sudden motion such as jumping, climbing stairs or sprinting. Immobilization and surgical repair may be necessary; rehabilitation can take several months.

Sprains – the stretching or tearing of the ligaments in the ankle, usually caused by the inward twisting of the foot. Sprains can range from mild to severe, depending on how badly the ligaments are torn. Complete ligament tears are severe sprains.

Strains – an inflammation of the tendons that connect muscles to the bones and is usually the result of overuse. Pain or swelling typically occurs. If untreated, a strain can develop into tendonitis by the tendons pulling apart.

Plantar Fasciitis – inflammation of the ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot (plantar fascia) and supports the longitudinal arch. Pain begins as a dull pain in the heel or arch and is usually greatest in the morning or after resting.

Contusion – occurs when there is a direct blow to the ankle, causing tenderness, limited range of motion, deep bruising and / or inflammation.