Sprain / Strain, Ankle (Moderate)
A strain is an inflammation to the tendons that connect muscles to the bones and is typically caused by overuse or a sudden increase in use of the muscles. Tenderness, pain and swelling usually occur with a strain. If left untreated the strained tendons can start to pull away from the muscle with slight tearing progressing to tendinitis. The strained muscle area should be rested and allowed to heal. Compressive supports or braces help hold the muscles and tendons in proper position to allow healing to begin and help prevent further tearing. It is also recommended that the injured area be iced and elevated immediately after activity. Ankle strains and sprains are very common because the complex ankle structure has numerous tendons and ligaments. A moderate sprain is a partial stretching or tearing of a ligament group. This could involve a complete tearing of one of the ligaments but not of the entire ligament group. Ankle sprains can result from a variety of causes - the most frequent cause is an inward twisting of the foot resulting from walking in high heels, stepping off a curb, or running on uneven surfaces. A moderate ankle sprain is referred to as a second degree ankle sprain. Pain, tenderness, swelling, and even bruising may occur. Walking could be difficult and painful. To prevent re-injury and to allow healing to begin, a stabilizing or rigid brace should be worn during daily activities. During periods of rest the ankle should be elevated and iced in twenty-minute intervals as needed to reduce swelling. Once healed a support should be worn during activity to prevent re-injury.